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School of Geography

Graeme Swindles Dr Graeme Swindles

Contact details

Room Garstang 10.31
School of Geography
University of Leeds
University Road
Leeds LS2 9JT   UK


+44 (0) 113 34 39127

Student hours:
Tuesday 10am - 12.30pm [not reading week]


Please email me if you would like a PDF of any of the following publications

Many of the publications are also available at

Journal articles

In Press

[108] Gallego-Sala, A., Charman, D.J., Brewer, S., Page, S.E., Prentice, I.C., Friedlingstein, P., Moreton, S., Amesbury, M.J., Beilman, D.W., Björck, S., Blyakharchuk, T., Bochicchio, C., Booth, R.K., Bunbury, J., Camill, P., Carless, D., Chimner, R.A., Clifford, M., Cressey, E., Courtney-Mustaphi, C., De Vleeschouwer, F., de Jong, R., ialkiewicz-Koziel, B., Finkelstein, S.A., Garneau, M., Githumbi, E., Hribjlan, J., Holmquist, J., Hughes, P.D.M., Jones, C., Jones, M.C., Karofeld, E., Klein, E.S., Kokfelt, U., Korhola, A., Lacourse, T., Le Roux, G., Lamentowicz, M., Large, D., Lavoie, M., Loisel, J., Mackay, H., MacDonald, G.M., Makila, M., Magnan, G., Marchant, R., Marcisz, K., Martínez Cortizas, A., Massa, C., Mathijssen, P., Mauquoy, D., Mighall, T., Mitchell, F.J.G., Moss, P., Nichols, J., Oksanen, P.O., Orme, L., Packalen, M.S., Robinson, S., Roland, T.P., Sanderson, N.K., Sannei, A.B.K., Silva-Sánchez, N., Steinberg, N., Swindles, G.T., Turner, T.E., Uglow, J., Väliranta, M., van Bellen, S., van der Linden, M., van Geel, B., Wang, G., Yu, Z., Zaragoza-Castells, J. and Zhao, Y. In Press. Latitudinal limits to the predicted increase of the peatland carbon sink with warming. Nature Climate Change.

[107] Swindles, G.T., Galloway, J.M., Macumber, A.L., Croudace, I., Emery, A.R., Woulds, C., Bateman, M.D., Parry, L., Jones, J.M., Selby, K., Rushby G.T., Baird, A.J., Woodroffe, S.A. and Barlow, N.L.M. In Press. Sedimentary records of coastal storm surges: evidence of the 1953 North Sea event. Marine Geology.

[106] Dalton, A.S., Patterson, R.T., Vermaire, J.C., Macumber, A.L., Roe, H.M., Crann, C.A., Swindles, G.T., Galloway, J.M. and Falck, H. In Press. Late Holocene climatic variability in Subarctic Canada: insights from a high-resolution lake record from the central Northwest Territories. PLOS One.

[105] Heinemeyer, A. and Swindles, G.T. In Press. Unravelling past impacts of climate change and land management on historic peatland development using proxy-based reconstruction, monitoring data and process modelling. Global Change Biology.

[104] Gałka, M., Galloway, J.M., Lemonis, N., Mazei, Y.A., Mitchell, E.A.D., Morse, P.D., Patterson, R.T., Tsyganov, A.N., Wolfe, S.A. and Swindles, G.T. In Press. Palaeoecology of Sphagnum riparium (Ångström) in Northern Hemisphere peatlands: implications for peatland conservation and palaeoecological research. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology.

[103] Macumber, A.L., Patterson, R.T., Galloway, J.M., Falck, H. and Swindles, G.T. In Press. Reconstruction of Holocene hydroclimatic variability in Subarctic treeline lakes using lake sediment grain-size end-members. The Holocene.

[102] Morris, P.J., Swindles, G.T., Valdes, P., Ivanovic, R., Gregoire, L., Smith, M., Tarasov, L., Haywood, A. and Bacon, K. 2018. Global peatland initiation driven by regionally-asynchronous warming. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.


[101] Swindles, G.T., Baird, A.J., Kilbride, E., Low, R. and Lopez, O. 2018. Testing the relationship between testate amoeba community composition and environmental variables in a coastal tropical peatlandEcological Indicators 91, 636-644.

[100] Swindles, G.T., Savov, I.P., Schmidt, A., Hooper, A., Connor, C.B. and Carrivick, J.L. 2018. REPLY: Climatic control on Icelandic volcanic activity during the mid-Holocene. Geology 46, e444.

[99] Swindles, G.T. 2018. The plight of Amazonia’s oldest peatland. Geology Today 34, 59-61. 

[98] Swindles, G.T., Kelly, T.J., Roucoux, K.H. and Lawson, I.T. 2018. Response of testate amoebae to a late Holocene ecosystem shift in an Amazonian peatland. European Journal of Protistology 64, 13-19.

[97] Galloway, J.M., Swindles, G.T., Jamieson, H.E., Palmer, M., Parsons, M.B., Sanei, H., Macumber, A.L., Patterson, R.T. and Falck, H. 2018. Organic matter control on the distribution of arsenic in lake sediments impacted by ~65 years of gold ore processing in subarctic Canada. Science of the Total Environment 622-623, 1668-1679.

[96] Swindles, G.T., Morris, P.J., Whitney, B., Galloway, J.M., Gałka, M., Gallego-Sala, A., Macumber, A.L., Mullan, D., Smith, M.W., Amesbury, M.J., Roland, T.P., Sanei, H., Patterson, R.T., Sanderson, N., Parry, L., Charman, D.J., Lopez, O., Valderamma, E., Watson, E.J., Ivanovic, R.F., Valdes, P.J., Turner, T.E. and Lähteenoja, O. 2018. Ecosystem state shifts during long-term development of an Amazonian peatland. Global Change Biology 24, 738-757.

[95] Swindles, G.T., Watson, E.J., Savov, I.P., Lawson, I.T., Schmidt, A., Hooper, A., Cooper, C.L., Connor, C.B., Gloor, M. and Carrivick, J.L. 2018. Climatic control on Icelandic volcanic activity during the mid-Holocene. Geology 46, 47-50.

[94] Cooper, C.L., Swindles, G.T., Savov, I.P., Schmidt, A. and Bacon, K.L. 2018. Evaluating the relationship between climate change and volcanism. Earth Science Reviews 177, 238-247.

[93] Gałka, M., Swindles, G.T., Szal, M., Fulweber, R. and Feurdean, A. 2018. Response of plant communities to climate change during the late Holocene: palaeoecological insights from peatlands in the Alaskan Arctic. Ecological Indicators 85, 525-536.


[92] Gałka, M., Szal, M., Watson, E.J., Gallego-Sala, A., Amesbury, M.J., Charman, D.J., Roland, T., Turner, T.E. and Swindles, G.T. 2017. Vegetation succession, carbon accumulation and hydrological change in sub-Arctic peatlands (Abisko, northern Sweden). Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 28, 589-604.

[91] Mullan, D.J., Swindles, G.T., Patterson, R.T., Galloway, J., Macumber, A.L., Falck, H., Crossley, L.H., Chen, J. and Pisaric, M. 2017. Climate change and the long-term viability of the world's busiest heavy-haul ice road. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 129, 1089-1108.

[90] University of Leeds Peat Club: Bacon, K.L., Baird, A.J., Blundell, A., Bourgault, M-A., Chapman, P., Dargie, G., Dooling, G.P., Gee, C., Holden, J., Kelly, T., McKendrick-Smith, K.A., Morris, P.J., Noble, Al., Palmer, S.M., Quillet, Q., Swindles, G.T., Watson, E.J. and Young, D.M. 2017. Questioning ten common assumptions about peatlands. Mires and Peat 19(12), 1-23.

[89] Watson, E.J., Swindles, G.T., Lawson, I.T., Savov, I.P. and Wastegård, S. 2017. The presence of Holocene cryptotephra in Wales and southern England. Journal of Quaternary Science 32, 493-500.

[88] Watson, E.J., Kołaczek, P., Słowiński, M., Swindles, G.T., Marcisz, K., Gałka, M. and Lamentowicz, M. 2017. First discovery of Holocene Alaskan and Icelandic tephra in Polish peatlands. Journal of Quaternary Science 32, 457-462.

[87] Baird, A.J., Low, R., Young, D., Swindles, G.T., Lopez, O. and Page, S. 2017. High hydraulic conductivity explains the vulnerability of the carbon store in drained tropical peatlands. Geophysical Research Letters 44, 1333-1339.

[86] Gammon, P., Neville, L.A., Patterson, R.T., Savard, M.M. and Swindles, G.T. 2017. A log-normal spectral analysis of inorganic grain size distributions from a Canadian boreal lake core: towards refining depositional process proxy data from high latitude lakes. Sedimentology 64, 609-630.

[85] Holden, J., Green, S.M., Baird, A.J., Grayson, R.P., Dooling, G.P., Chapman, P.J., Evans, C.D., Peacock, M. and Swindles, G.T. 2017. The impact of ditch blocking on the hydrological functioning of blanket peatlands. Hydrological Processes 31,  525-539.

[84] Patterson, R.T., Crann, C.A., Cutts, J.A., Courtney Mustaphi, C.J., Nasser, N.A., Macumber, A.L., Galloway, J.M., Swindles, G.T. and Falck, H. 2017. New occurrences of the White River Ash (east lobe) in Subarctic Canada and utility for estimating freshwater reservoir effect in lake sediment archives. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 477, 1-9.

[83] Watson, E.J., Swindles, G.T., Savov, I., Lawson, I.T., Connor, C. and Wilson, J. 2017. Estimating the frequency of volcanic ash clouds over northern Europe. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 460, 41-49.


[82]  Bacon, K.L. and Swindles, G.T. 2016. Could a potential Anthropocene mass extinction define a new geological period? The Anthropocene Review 3, 208-217.

[81] Watson, E.J., Swindles, G.T., Stevenson, J.A., Savov, I. and Lawson, I.T. 2016. The transport of Icelandic volcanic ash: insights from northern European cryptotephra records. Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth 121, 7177-7192.

[80] Swindles, G.T., Lamentowicz, M., Reczuga, M. and Galloway, J.M. 2016. Palaeoecology of testate amoebae in a tropical peatland. European Journal of Protistology 55B, 181-189.

[79] Amesbury, M.J., Swindles, G.T., Bobrob, A., Charman, D.J., Holden, J., Lamentowicz, M., Mallon, G., Mazei, Y., Mitchell, E.A.D., Payne, R.J., Roland, T.P., Turner, T.E. and Warner, B.G. 2016. Development of a new pan-European testate amoeba transfer function for reconstructing peatland palaeohydrology. Quaternary Science Reviews 152, 132-151.

[78] Sulphur, K.C., Goldsmith, S.A., Galloway, J.M., Macumber, A., Griffith, F., Swindles, G.T., Patterson, R.T., Falck, H. and Clark, I.D. 2016. Holocene fire regimes and treeline migration rates in sub-arctic Canada. Global and Planetary Change 145, 42-56.

[77] Swindles, G.T., Jones, A. and Rushworth, G. 2016. The phenomenon of urban peat formation. The Naturalist 141, 121-127.

[76] Payne, R.J., Babeshko, K.V., van Bellen, S., Blackford, J.J., Booth, R.K., Charman, D.J., Ellershaw, M.R., Gilbert, D., Hughes, P.D.M., Jassey, V.E.J., Lamentowicz, L., Lamentowicz, M., Malysheva, E.A., Mauquoy, D., Mazei, Y., Mitchell, E.A.D., Swindles, G.T., Tsyganov, A.N., Turner, T.E. and Telford, R.J. 2016. Significance testing testate amoeba water table reconstructions. Quaternary Science Reviews 138, 131-135.

[75] Swindles, G.T., Green, S.M., Brown, L., Holden, J., Raby, C.L., Turner, T.E., Smart, R. and Baird, A.J. 2016. Evaluating the use of dominant microbial consumers (testate amoebae) as indicators of blanket peatland restoration. Ecological Indicators 69, 318-330.

[74] Swindles, G.T., Morris, P.J., Wheeler, J., Smith, M., Bacon, K.L., Turner, T.E., Headley, A. and Galloway, J.M. 2016. Resilience of peatland ecosystem services over millennial timescales: evidence from a degraded British bog. Journal of Ecology 104, 621-636.

[73] Turner, T.E., Swindles, G.T., Charman, D.J., Langdon, P.G., Morris, P.J., Booth, R.K., Parry, L.E. and Nichols, J.E. 2016. Corrigendum: Solar cycles or random processes? Evaluating solar variability in Holocene climate records. Scientific Reports 6, 28410.

[72] Turner, T.E., Swindles, G.T., Charman, D.J., Langdon, P.G., Morris, P.J., Booth, R.K., Parry, L.E. and Nichols, J.E. 2016. Solar cycles or random processes? Evaluating solar variability in Holocene climate records. Scientific Reports 6, 23961.

[71] Baird, A.J., Milner, A.M., Blundell, A., Swindles, G.T. and Morris, P.J. 2016. Microform-scale variations in peatland permeability and their ecohydrological implications. Journal of Ecology 104, 531-544.

[70] Watson, E.J., Swindles, G.T., Lawson, I.T. and Savov, I.P. 2016. Do peatlands or lakes provide the most comprehensive distal tephra records? Quaternary Science Reviews 139, 110-128.

[69] Surtees, A.P.H., Swindles, G.T., Munshi, T., Savov, I.P., Scowen, I.J. and Edwards, H.G.M. 2016. Raman Spectroscopy for the discrimination of tephras from the Hekla eruptions of 1510 and 1947. The Holocene 26, 432-438.


[68] Morris, P.J., Baird, A.J., Young, D.M. and Swindles, G.T. 2015. Untangling climate signals from autogenic changes in long-term peatland development. Geophysical Research Letters 42, 10, 788-797.

[67] Swindles, G.T., Morris, P.J., Mullan, D., Watson, E.J., Turner, T.E., Roland, T., Amesbury, M.J., Kokfelt, U., Schoning, K., Pratte, S., Gallego-Sala, A., Charman, D.J., Sanderson, N., Garneau, M., Carrivick, J.L., Woulds, C., Holden, J., Parry, L. and Galloway, J.M. 2015. The long-term fate of permafrost peatlands under rapid climate warming. Scientific Reports 5, 17951.

[66] Hadlari, T., Swindles, G.T., Galloway, J.M., Bell, K.M., Sulphur, K.C., Heaman, L.M., Beranek, L.P. and Fallas, K.M. 2015. 1.8 billion years of detrital zircon recycling calibrates a refractory part of Earth's sedimentary cycle. PLoS ONE 10,  e0144727.

[65] Patterson, R.T. and Swindles, G.T. 2015. Influence of ocean-atmospheric oscillations on lake ice phenology in eastern North America. Climate Dynamics 45, 2293-2308.

[64] Watson, E.J., Swindles, G.T., Savov, I.P. and Bacon, K.L. 2015. First discovery of Holocene cryptotephra in Amazonia. Scientific Reports 5, 15579.

[63] Patterson, R.T., Kelly, T.J., Huckerby, G., Swindles, G.T. and Nasser, N.A. 2015. Hydroecology of Amazonian lacustrine Arcellinida (testate amoebae): A case study from Lake Quistococha, Peru. European Journal of Protistology 51, 460-469.

[62] Reczuga, M., Swindles, G.T., Grewling, Ł. and Lamentowicz, M. 2015. Arcella peruviana sp. nov. (Amoebozoa: Arcellinida, Arcellidae), a new species from a tropical peatland in Amazonia. European Journal of Protistology 51, 437–449.

[61] Watson, E.J, Swindles, G.T., Lawson, I.T. and Savov, I. 2015. Spatial variability of tephra and carbon accumulation in a Holocene peatland. Quaternary Science Reviews 124, 248-264.

[60] Galloway, J.M., Tullius, D.N., Evenchick, C.A., Swindles, G.T., Hadlari, T. and  Embry, A. 2015. Early Cretaceous vegetation and climate change at high latitude: palynological evidence from Isachsen Formation, Arctic Canada. Cretaceous Research 56, 399-420.

[59] Swindles, G.T., Watson, E., Turner, T.E., Galloway, J.M., Hadlari, T., Wheeler, J. and Bacon, K.L. 2015. Spheroidal carbonaceous particles are a defining stratigraphic marker for the Anthropocene. Scientific Reports 5, 10264.

[58] Swindles, G.T., Holden, J., Raby, C., Turner, T.E., Blundell, A., Charman, D.J., Menberu, M.W. and Kløve, B. 2015. Testing peatland water-table depth transfer functions using high-resolution hydrological monitoring data. Quaternary Science Reviews 120, 107-117.

[57] Swindles, G.T., Amesbury, M., Turner, T.E., Carrivick, J.L., Woulds, C., Raby, C., Mullan, D., Roland, T.P., Galloway, J., Parry, L., Kokfelt, U., Garneau, M., Charman, D.J. and Holden, J. 2015. Evaluating the use of testate amoebae for palaeohydrological reconstruction in permafrost peatlands. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 424, 111-122.

[56] Stevenson, J.A., Millington, S.C., Beckett, F.M., Swindles, G.T. and Thordarson, T. 2015. Big Grains Go Far: Reconciling tephrochronology with atmospheric measurements of volcanic ash. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 8, 2069-2091.

[55] Crann, C.A., Patterson, R.T., Macumber, A.L., Galloway, J.M., Roe, H.M., Blaauw, M., Swindles, G.T. and Falck, H. 2015. Sediment accumulation rates in subarctic lakes: insights into age-depth modeling from 22 dated lake records from the Northwest Territories, Canada. Quaternary Geochronology 27, 131-144.

[54] Swindles, G.T., Turner, T.E., Roe, H.M., Rea, H.A. and Hall, V.A. 2015. Testing the cause of the Sphagnum austinii (Sull. ex Aust.) decline: multiproxy evidence from a raised bog in Northern Ireland. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 213, 17-26.


[53] Armit, I.T., Swindles, G.T., Becker, K.A., Blaauw, M and Plunkett, G.  2014. Rapid climate change did not cause population collapse at the end of the European Bronze Age. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111, 17045-17049.

[52] Swindles, G.T., Reczuga, M., Lamentowicz, M., Raby, C., Turner, T.E., Charman, D.J., Gallego-Sala, A., Valderrama, E., Williams, C., Draper, F., Honorio Coronado, E.N., Roucoux, K.H., Baker, T. and Mullan, D.J. 2014. Ecology of testate amoebae in an Amazonian peatland and development of a transfer function for palaeohydrological reconstruction. Microbial Ecology 68, 284-298.

[51] Upiter, L.M., Vermaire, J.C., Patterson, R.T., Crann, C., Galloway, J.M., Macumber, A.L., Neville, L.A., Swindles, G.T., Falck, H., Roe, H.M. and Pisaric, M.F.J. 2014. Mid- to late Holocene chironomid-inferred July temperatures for the central Northwest Territories, CanadaJournal of Paleolimnology 52, 11-26.

[50] Bowman, V., Francis, J.E., Askin, R.A., Riding, J.B. and Swindles, G.T. 2014. Latest Cretaceous–earliest Paleogene vegetation and climate change at the high southern latitudes: palynological evidence from Seymour Island, Antarctic PeninsulaPalaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 408, 26-47.

[49] Macumber, A.L., Patterson, R.T., Roe, H.M., Reinhardt, E, Neville, L.A. and Swindles, G.T. 2014. Autoecological approaches to resolve subjective taxonomic divisions within Arcellacea. Protist 165, 305-316.

[48] Turner, T.E., Swindles, G.T. and Roucoux, K. 2014. Late Holocene ecohydrological and carbon dynamics of a UK raised bog: human activity or climate change? Quaternary Science Reviews 84, 65-85.


[47] Patterson, R.T. Chang, A.S., Prokoph, A., Roe, H.M. and Swindles, G.T. 2013. Influence of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, El Niño-Southern Oscillation and solar forcing on climate and primary productivity changes in the northeast Pacific. Quaternary International 310, 124-139.

[46] Galloway, J., Wigston, A., Patterson, R.T., Swindles, G.T., Reinhardt, E. and Roe, H.M. 2013. Climate change and decadal to centennial-scale climate periodicities recorded in a late Holocene NE Pacific marine record: examining the role of solar forcing. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 386, 669-689.

[45] Swindles, G.T., Savov, I.P., Connor, C.B., Carrivick, J., Watson, E. and Lawson, I.T. 2013. Volcanic ash clouds affecting Northern Europe: the long view. Geology Today 29, 214-217.

[44] Swindles, G.T., Lawson, I.T., Matthews, I.P., Blaauw, M., Daley, T.J., Charman, D.J., Roland, T.P., Plunkett, G., Schettler, G., Gearey, B.R., Turner, T.E., Rea, H.A., Roe, H.M., Amesbury, M.J., Chambers, F.M., Holmes, J., Mitchell, F.J.G., Blackford, J., Blundell, A., Branch, N., Holmes, J., Langdon, P., McCarroll, J., McDermott, F., Oksanen, P.O., Pritchard, O., Stastney, O., Stefanini, B., Young, D., Wheeler, J., Becker, K. and Armit, I. 2013. Centennial-scale climate change in Ireland during the Holocene. Earth Science Reviews 126, 300-320.

[43] Swindles, G.T., Galloway, J., Outram, Z., Turner, K., Schofield, J.E., Newton, A., Dugmore, A.J., Church, M.J., Watson, E., Batt, C.M., Bond, J.M., Edwards, J.K., Turner, V. and Bashford, D. 2013. Re-deposited cryptotephra layers in Holocene peats linked to anthropogenic activity. The Holocene 23, 1493-1501.

[42] Galloway, J.M., Sweet, A.R., Sanei, H., Swindles, G.T., Dewing, K., Hadlari, T., Embry, A.F. and Reyes, J. 2013. Middle Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous paleoclimate of Sverdrup Basin, Canadian Arctic Archipelago inferred from a new pollen and spore zonation. Marine and Petroleum Geology 44, 240-255.

[41] Swindles, G.T. 2013. Holocene palaeoclimate and peatland stratigraphy of the British Isles. Quaternary Newsletter 129, 17-21.

[40] Turner, T.E., Swindles, G.T., Charman, D.J. and Blundell, A. 2013. Comparing regional and supra-regional transfer functions for palaeohydrological reconstruction from Holocene peatlands. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 369, 395–408.

[39] Armit, I. Swindles, G.T., Becker, K. 2013. From dates to demography in later prehistoric Ireland? Experimental approaches to the meta-analysis of large 14C data-sets. Journal of Archaeological Science 40, 433-438.

[38] Plunkett, G., McDermott, C., Swindles, G.T., Brown, D.M. 2013. Environmental indifference? A critique of environmentally deterministic theories of peatland archaeological site construction in Ireland. Quaternary Science Reviews 61, 17–31.

[37] Galloway, J.M., Sweet, A.R., Pugh, A., Schröder-Adams, C.J., Swindles, G.T., Haggart, J.W. and Embry, A. F. 2013. Correlating middle Cretaceous palynological records from the Canadian High Arctic based on sections from the Sverdrup Basin and the Eclipse Trough. Palynology 36, 277-302.

[36] Charman, D.J., Beilman, D.W., Blaauw, M., Booth, R.K., Brewer, S., Chambers, F.M., Christen, J.A., Gallego-Sala, A., Harrison, S.P., Hughes, P.D.M., Jackson, S.T., Korhola, A., Mauquoy, D., Mitchell, F.J.G., Prentice, I.C., van der Linden, M., De Vleeschouwer, F., Yu, Z.C., Alm, J., Bauer, I.E., Corish, Y.M.C., Garneau, M., Hohl, V., Huang, Y., Karofeld, E., Le Roux, G., Loisel, J., Moschen, R., Nichols, J.E., Nieminen, T.M., MacDonald, G.M., Phadtare, N.R., Rausch, N., Sillasoo, Ü., Swindles, G.T., Tuittila, E-S., Ukonmaanaho, L., Väliranta, M., van Bellen, S., van Geel, B., Vitt, D. H., and Zhao, Y. 2013. Climate-related changes in peatland carbon accumulation during the last millennium. Biogeosciences 10, 929-944.


[35] Turner, T.E. and Swindles, G.T. 2012. Ecology of testate amoebae in moorland with a complex fire history: implications for ecosystem monitoring and sustainable land management. Protist 163, 844-855.

[34] Swindles, G.T., Morris, P.J., Baird, A.J., Blaauw, M. and Plunkett, G. 2012. Ecohydrological feedbacks confound peat-based climate reconstructions. Geophysical Research Letters 39, L11401.

[33] Patterson, R.T., Roe, H.M., Swindles, G.T. 2012. Development of an Arcellacean (testate lobose amoebae) based transfer function for sedimentary phosphorous in lakes. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 348-349, 32-44.

[32] Payne, R.J., Telford, R.J., Blackford, J.J., Blundell, A., Booth, R.K., Charman, D.J., Lamentowicz, Ł., Lamentowicz, M., Mitchell, E.A.D., Potts, G., Swindles, G.T., Warner, B.G. and Woodland, W. 2012. Testing peatland testate amoeba transfer functions: Appropriate methods for clustered training-sets. The Holocene 22, 819-825.

[31] Swindles, G.T., Blaauw, M., Blundell, A. and Turner, T.E. 2012. Examining the uncertainties in a 'tuned and stacked' peatland water table reconstruction. Quaternary International 268, 58-64.

[30] Becker, K., Armit, I., Eogan, J. and Swindles, G.T. 2012. Later prehistoric radiocarbon dates from Ireland: an audit. Journal of Irish Archaeology 19, 19-25.

[29] Lawson, I.T., Swindles, G.T., Plunkett, G. and Greenberg, D. 2012. The spatial distribution of Holocene cryptotephras in north-west Europe since 7 ka: implications for understanding ash fall events from Icelandic eruptions. Quaternary Science Reviews 41, 57-66.

[28] Swindles, G.T., Patterson, R.T., Roe, H.M. and Galloway, J.M. 2012. Evaluating periodicities in peat-based climate proxy records. Quaternary Science Reviews 41, 94-103.

[27] Rea, H.A., Swindles, G.T. and Roe, H.M. 2012. The Hekla 1947 tephra in the North of Ireland: distribution, concentration and geochemistry. Journal of Quaternary Science 27, 425-431.

[26] Edwards, H., Munshi, T.,  Scowen, I., Surtees, A. and Swindles, G.T. 2012. Development of oxidative sample preparation for the analysis of forensic soils with near-IR Raman Spectroscopy. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy 43, 323-325.

[25] Swindles, G.T., Taylor, T.F. and Rushworth, G. 2012. Cave sediments from the Attermire-Horseshoe complex, Yorkshire Dales. Quaternary Newsletter 126, 58-63.

[24] Farroqui, A., Kumar, A. and Swindles, G.T. 2012. Thecamoebian communities as proxies of seasonality in lake sadatal in the Ganga-Yamuna Plains of North India. Palaeontologia Electronica 15 (1), 3A, 19p.


[23] Swindles, G.T., Lawson, I.T., Savov, I.P., Connor, C.B. and Plunkett, G. 2011. A 7000-yr perspective on volcanic ash clouds affecting Northern Europe. Geology 39, 887-890.

[22] Neville, L.A., McCarthy, F., Mackinnon, M.D., Swindles, G.T. and Marlowe, P. 2011. Thecamoebians (testate amoebae) as proxies of ecosystem health and reclamation success in constructed wetlands in the oil sands of Alberta, Canada. Journal of Foraminiferal Research 41, 230-247.

[21] Swindles, G.T. and Plunkett, G. 2011. The methodological basis for fine-resolution, multi-proxy reconstructions of ombrotrophic peat bog surface wetness: comments. Boreas 40, 379-381.

[20] Patterson, R.T. Swindles, G.T. and Kumar, A. 2011. Dinoflagellate cyst-based reconstructions of mid to late Holocene winter sea-surface temperature and productivity from an anoxic fjord in the NE Pacific Ocean. Quaternary International 235, 13-25.

[19] Qin, Y., Xie, S., Smith, H.G., Swindles, G.T. and Gu, Y. 2011. Diversity, distribution and biogeography of testate amoebae in China: Implications for ecological studies in Asia. European Journal of Protistology 47, 1-9.


[18] Becker, K., Armit, I. and Swindles, G.T. 2010. The New Irish Iron Age - data to knowledge. Archaeology Ireland 24, 13-13.

[17] Swindles, G.T., De Vleeschouwer, F. and Plunkett, G. 2010. Dating peat profiles using tephra: stratigraphy, geochemistry and chronology. Mires and Peat 7, 9 pp.

[16] Swindles, G.T. 2010. Dating recent peat profiles using spheroidal carbonaceous particles (SCPs). Mires and Peat 7, 10 pp.

[15] De Vleeschouwer, F., Chambers, F.M. and Swindles, G.T. 2010. Coring and sub-sampling of peatlands for palaeoenvironmental research. Mires and Peat 7, 10 pp.

[14] Swindles, G.T., Blundell, A. Roe, H.M. and Hall, V.A. 2010. A 4500-year proxy climate record from peatlands in the North of Ireland: the identification of widespread summer ‘drought phases’? Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 1577-1589.

[13] Swindles, G.T. and Plunkett, G. 2010. Testing the palaeoclimatic significance of the Northern Irish bog oak record. The Holocene 20, 155-159.

[12] Roe, H.M., Patterson, R.T. and Swindles, G.T. 2010. Controls on the contemporary distribution of lake thecamoebians (testate amoebae) within the Greater Toronto Area and their potential as water quality indicators. Journal of Paleolimnology 43, 955-975.

[11] Wheeler, J., Swindles, G.T. and Gearey, B.R. 2010. Finding Bosworth Battlefield: A multiproxy palaeoenvironmental investigation of lowland sediments from Dadlington, Leicestershire, England. Journal of Archaeological Science 37, 1579-1589.


[10] Kerr, T., Swindles, G.T. and Plunkett, G. 2009. Making hay while the sun shines? Socio-economic change, cereal production and climatic deterioration in early Medieval Ireland. Journal of Archaeological Science 36, 2868-2874.

[9] Swindles, G.T. and Ruffell, A. 2009. A preliminary investigation into the use of testate amoebae for the discrimination of forensic soil samples. Science and Justice 49, 182-190.

[8] Swindles, G.T., Charman, D.J., Roe, H.M. and Sansum, P.A. 2009. Environmental controls on peatland testate amoebae (Protozoa: Rhizopoda) in the North of Ireland: Implications for Holocene palaeoclimate studies. Journal of Paleolimnology 42, 123-140.


[7] Roe, H.M., Doherty, C.T., Patterson, R.T., and Swindles, G.T. 2008. Contemporary distributions of saltmarsh diatoms in the Seymour–Belize Inlet Complex, British Columbia, Canada: Implications for studies of sea-level change. Marine Micropaleontology 70, 134-150.

[6] Qin, Y., Schucheng, X., Swindles, G.T., Gu, Y., Zhou, X. 2008. Pentagonia zhangduensis nov. spec., (Lobosea, Arcellinida), a new freshwater species from China. European Journal of Protistology 44, 287-290.

[5] Plunkett, G. and Swindles, G.T. 2008. Determining the Sun's influence on Late Glacial and Holocene climates: a focus on climate response to centennial-scale solar forcing at 2800 cal. BP. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 175-184.


[4] Swindles, G.T., Plunkett, G. and Roe, H.M. 2007. A multi-proxy climate record from a raised bog in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland: a critical examination of the link between bog surface wetness and solar variability. Journal of Quaternary Science 22, 667-679.

[3] Swindles, G.T. and Roe, H.M. 2007. Examining the dissolution characteristics of testate amoebae (Protozoa: Rhizopoda) in low pH conditions: Implications for peatland palaeoclimate studies. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 252, 486–496.

[2] Swindles, G.T., Plunkett, G. and Roe, H.M. 2007. A delayed climatic response to solar forcing at 2800 cal. BP: multi-proxy evidence from three Irish peatlands. The Holocene 17, 177-182.


[1] Swindles, G.T. and Roe, H.M. 2006. Constraining the age of spheroidal carbonaceous particle (SCP) stratigraphies in peats using tephrochronology. Quaternary Newsletter 110, 2-9.

Book chapters

[12] Becker, K., Armit, I. and Swindles, G.T. 2017. New perspectives on the Irish Iron Age: the impact of NRA development on our understanding of later prehistory. In: Stanley, M. Swan, R. and O’Sullivan, A. (eds.) Stories of Ireland’s Past. Transport Infrastructure Ireland. Dublin, 85-100.

[11] Edwards, K.J., Schofield, J.E. and Swindles, G.T. 2013. Palaeoenvironmental investigations of mire deposits from Unst. In: Turner, V.E., Bond, J.M. and Larsen, A.C. (eds.) Viking Unst. Shetland Heritage Publications. Lerwick, 75-90.

[10] Rushworth, G., Swindles, G.T. and Taylor, T. 2012. Late Quaternary vegetation history of Attermire, Yorkshire Dales. In: O'Regan, H.J., Faulkner, T. and Smith, I.R. (eds.) Cave Archaeology and Karst Geomorphology of North West England: Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association. London, 151-153.

[9] Swindles, G.T. 2011. The Pollan of Lough Neagh. In: Late Quaternary Environmental Change and Archaeology: Case Studies in the Lower Bann Valley and Belfast District. Field Guide 26. Irish Quaternary Association, pp. 16.

[8] Swindles, G.T. 2011. Palaeoenvironmental studies in the Lower Bann Valley. In: Late Quaternary Environmental Change and Archaeology: Case Studies in the Lower Bann Valley and Belfast District. Field Guide 26. Irish Quaternary Association, pp. 15.

[7] Swindles, G.T. 2011. Dead Island Bog. In: Late Quaternary Environmental Change and Archaeology: Case Studies in the Lower Bann Valley and Belfast District. Field Guide 26. Irish Quaternary Association, pp. 9-14.

[6] Swindles, G.T. 2011. Cavehill and ‘setting the scene’. In: Late Quaternary Environmental Change and Archaeology: Case Studies in the Lower Bann Valley and Belfast District. Field Guide 26. Irish Quaternary Association, pp. 6-8.

[5] Swindles, G.T. 2011. Late Quaternary Environmental Change and Archaeology: Case Studies in the Lower Bann Valley and Belfast District. Field Guide 26. Irish Quaternary Association. 24 pp. ISBN 0947920366.

[4] Swindles, G.T., Plunkett, G. and Hall, V.A. 2008. Late Quaternary tephrochronology of the North of Ireland. In: Whitehouse, N.J., Roe, H.M., McCarron, S. and Knight, J. (eds.) North of Ireland: Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association. London, 41-45.

[3] Swindles, G.T. Dead Island (Moyagoney) bog, County Londonderry. 2008. In: Whitehouse, N.J., Roe, H.M., McCarron, S. and Knight, J. (eds.) North of Ireland: Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association. London, 100-105.

[2] Roe, H.M. and Swindles, G.T. 2008. Holocene sea-level history and coastal evolution of Glenariff, County Antrim. In: Whitehouse, N.J., Roe, H.M., McCarron, S. and Knight, J. (eds.) North of Ireland: Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association. London, 106-116.

[1] Roe, H.M. and Swindles, G.T. 2008. Post-glacial evolution of the Lower Dun Valley, Co. Antrim: a re-examination of the Movius (1940) sections at Cushendun. In: Whitehouse, N.J., Roe, H.M., McCarron, S. and Knight, J. (eds.) North of Ireland: Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association. London, 117-128.

Published reports

[3] Macumber, A.L., Neville, L.A., Galloway, J.M., Patterson, R.T., Falck, H., Swindles, G.T., Crann, C., Clark, I., Gammon, P., and Madsen, E., 2012. Paleoclimatological Assessment of the Northwest Territories and Implications for the Long-Term Viability of the Tibbitt to Contwoyto Winter Road, Part II: March 2010 Field Season Results; Northwest Territories Geoscience Office, NWT Open Report 2011-010, 83 p.

[2] Outram, Z., Batt, C.M., Swindles, G.T. and Church, M. 2008. Dating at Hamar and The Upper House, Underhoull. In: Bond, J.M., Outram, Z. and Freeth, C.M. (eds.) Viking Unst Project - Excavations at Hamar and the upper house, Underhoull: Field Season 2008 (Data Structure Report), Interim Report No. 3. Department of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bradford, BD7 1DP (Bradford Archaeological Sciences Research 20), 64-67.

[1] Outram, Z., Batt, C.M., Swindles, G.T. and Church, M. 2007. Dating at Hamar and The Upper House, Underhoull. In: Bond, J.M., Outram, Z. and Freeth, C.M. (eds.) Viking Unst Project - Excavations at Hamar and the upper house, Underhoull: Field Season 2007 (Data Structure Report), Interim Report No. 2. Department of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bradford, BD7 1DP (Bradford Archaeological Sciences Research 19), 70-74.

Conference proceedings

Harman, M.C.M. and Swindles, G.T. 2006. ESF-HOLIVAR training course: 'Quantitative climate reconstruction and data-model comparisons'. Quaternary Newsletter 108, 37-39.

Ross, F. and Swindles, G.T. 2005. The QRA 3rd International Postgraduate Symposium, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences. Quaternary Newsletter 105, 32-39.


Swindles, G.T., Watson, E.J., Savov, I.P., Cooper, C.L., Lawson, I.T., Schmidt, A. and Carrivick, J.L. 2017. Holocene volcanic ash database for Northern Europe. Database. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.11395.60966. Retrieved from: